Broadband Services In India

Broadband services in India

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Introduction to Broadband Services in India

Internet in India was implemented first in the year 1986 only for the education field or community and later in the year 1995 it was implemented in all communities. First, let us see what is broadband before knowing the broadband services in India.

What is Broadband?

Broadband refers to the transmission of data over a high-speed internet connection through various technologies. It involves the transmission of wide bandwidth data, which includes multiple signals and traffic types. The transmission mediums can include coaxial cable, optical fiber, radio, or twisted pair. It significantly offers faster data transmission speeds compared to traditional analog, ISDN, and dial-up access.

Types of Broadband

Broadband is generally transmitted through high-speed transmission technologies and factors. The technologies that are included are:

  • DSL
  • BPL

The factors that are considered for providing these services are:

  • Location or place of living whether in an urban or local place
  • Packages such as voice telephone and home entertainment
  • Cost
  • Availability
DSL (Digital Subscriber Line)

DSL is a technology that implements a wireline process that transmits data very fast over traditional copper telephone lines whether it may be home or business. It provides speeds ranging from several hundred kbps to millions of bits per second and depends upon the distance from home or office and the nearest telephone company facility. The technologies that are implemented in DSL are:

ADSL: ADSL means asymmetrical digital subscriber line used by residential customers mostly who do surfing and searching a lot when compared to data sending thus it provides faster downstream data transmission over the same telephone line.

SDSL (Symmetrical Digital Subscriber Line): Catering to business needs like video conferencing and meetings, it provides equal bandwidth for both upstream and downstream data transmission. Two distinct SDSL variants are available: HDSL (High Data Rate Subscriber Line) and VDSL (Very High Data Rate Digital Subscriber Line), selected based on business requirements.

Cable Modem

A that is provided using coaxial cables that have two connections one to the cable wall and the other to a computer. Transmission speeds exceed 1.5Mbps, easily accessible on computer startup, subject to traffic fluctuations compared to DSL.


In fiber optic technology, electrical signals are converted which carry data to light, and transmit the light through transparent fibers which have a diameter similar to human hair. Fiber transmits data far more speed compared to DSL or cable modem speeds. It varies based on factors such as the distance to your computer, network configuration, and allocated bandwidth for streaming video services and other content.


Wireless service connects the home or business to the internet using a radio link between the home or office location and the provider’s facility. It can be mobile or fixed which uses longer-range broadband service using an external antenna. Wireless internet service providers provide services often implemented in rural areas. Mobile wireless broadband services are also available for mobiles which provide limited speed. WLAN wireless local area network provides wireless broadband services over short distances and is implemented as hotspots where the internet is available in public areas such as restaurants, coffee shops, and others.


Satellite broadband is another form of wireless broadband that depends on several factors for the transmission of data like weather and satellite orbiting position for downstream and upstream speeds.

BPL (Broadband Over Power line)

It is a service provided through the low and medium voltage distribution network which provides cable and modem speeds but it is available in limited areas.

What is Broad Band Speed?

Broadband speed is essential for various activities, including streaming HD videos, gaming, downloading large files, and more. Different broadband providers offer various speed plans, with some reaching up to 100Mbps and beyond.


In India, irrespective of the location you live whether, in the city or rural areas, many multiples of broadband providers are there which provide multiple plans or packages which differ from the others in factors like speed and location. The best broadband providers in India are reliance JIO, Airtel, Vodafone and BSNL, and many others providers.

Published: May 20th, 2021

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